Killing the Holy Cows

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The officer died from gunshot wounds, district magistrate Anuj Kumar Jha told Reuters news agency. Earlier, police had said the officer was stoned to death while the resident died from gunshot wounds. India's Hindu majority regards cows as holy and their slaughter is banned in several Indian states. Hindu vigilantes often roam the roads in northern India to protect cows, frequently resulting in assaults against India's Muslim population - some 14 percent of the country's 1.

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Modi has condemned the attacks and promised tough action against the perpetrators, but opposition leaders accuse the government of indirectly supporting the so-called Hindu cow vigilantes. Shalu Sharma April 23, at am - Reply. Janit April 23, at pm - Reply. Rachel Jones April 24, at am - Reply. Hayley April 23, at pm - Reply. Agness April 23, at pm - Reply. Rebekah April 23, at pm - Reply. Colleen Brynn April 24, at am - Reply. You gotta be one of those that carries on neck at. J in Beijing April 24, at am - Reply. Renuka April 25, at am - Reply. Rachel Jones April 25, at am - Reply.

Heather April 25, at am - Reply. Rachel Jones April 26, at am - Reply. I love how they are just hanging out, all chill. But we need to hear the story about the one that tried to kill you! Franca April 26, at pm - Reply. Rachel Jones April 27, at am - Reply. Like the Article? Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Toggle Sliding Bar Area. The Supreme Court of India heard a case between and The case petitioned the Court to order a ban on the common illegal treatment of animals during transport and slaughter.

In February , the Court ordered a state governments to stop the illegal slaughterhouses and set up enforcement committees to monitor the treatment of animals used for meat and leather. The animals have their own fundamental rights. Article 48 specifically lays down that the state shall endeavour to prohibit the slaughter of cows and calves, other milch and draught cattle".

No state law explicitly bans the consumption of beef. There is a lack of uniformity among State laws governing cattle slaughter. The strictest laws are in Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, where the slaughter of cow and its progeny, including bulls and bullocks of all ages, is completely banned.

Most States prohibit the slaughter of cows of all ages. However, Assam and West Bengal permit the slaughter of cows of over the ages of 10 and 14 years, respectively. Most States prohibit the slaughter of calves, whether male or female. With the exception of Bihar and Rajasthan, where age of a calf is given as below 3 years, the other States have not defined the age of a calf.

According to the National Commission on Cattle, the definition of a calf being followed in Maharashtra, by some executive instructions, was "below the age of 1 year". Most of other States specify that offences would be cognizable only. Delhi and Madhya Pradesh have fixed a mandatory minimum term of imprisonment at 6 months. Cows are routinely shipped to states with lower or no requirement for slaughter, even though it is illegal in most states to ship animals across state borders to be slaughtered.


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As of , there were 3, legal and 30, illegal slaughterhouses in India. In , Andhra Pradesh estimated that there were 3, illegal and 6 licensed slaughterhouses in the State. After India attained Independence, the members of the Constituent Assembly , a body consisting of indirectly elected representatives set up for the purpose of drafting a constitution for India, debated the question of making a provision for the protection and preservation of the cow in the Constitution of India. The amendment read, "The State shall endeavour to organise agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines and shall in particular take steps for preserving and improving the breeds of cattle and prohibit the slaughter of cow and other useful cattle, specially milch and draught cattle and their young stock".

Another amendment motion was moved by Seth Govind Das , who sought to extend the scope of the provisions for prohibiting slaughter to cover cow and its progeny by adding the following words at the end of Bhargava's amendment, "'The word "cow' includes bulls, bullocks, young stock of genus cow". Bhargava's amendment was passed by the Constituent Assembly, but Das' was rejected. Although some members were keen on including the provision in the chapter on Fundamental Rights but, later as a compromise and on the basis of an assurance given by Dr.

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Ambedkar , the amendment was moved for inclusion as a Directive Principle of State Policy. Bhargava stated that "While moving this amendment, I have no hesitation in stating that for people like me and those that do not agree with the point of view of Dr. Ambedkar and others, this entails, in a way, a sort of sacrifice. Seth Govind Das had sent one such amendment to be included in the Fundamental Rights and other members also had sent similar amendments.

To my mind, it would have been much better if this could have been incorporated in the Fundamental Rights, but some of my Assembly friends differed and it is the desire of Dr. Ambedkar that this matter, instead of being included in Fundamental Rights should be incorporated in the Directive Principles. As a matter of fact, it is the agreed opinion of the Assembly that this problem should be solved in such a manner that the objective is gained without using any sort of coercion. I have purposely adopted this course, as to my mind, the amendment fulfills our object and is midway between the Directive Principles and the Fundamental Rights.

However, none have been successful in obtaining a complete nationwide ban on cow slaughter. Attempts to address the issue through a central legislation or otherwise are described below. Vinoba Bhave went on an indefinite fast from 22 April demanding that the Governments of West Bengal and Kerala agree to enact legislation banning cow slaughter. It read, "This House directs the Government to ensure total ban on the slaughter of cows of all ages and calves in consonance with the Directive Principles laid down in Article 48 of the Constitution as interpreted by the Supreme Court, as well as necessitated by strong economic considerations based on the recommendations of the Cattle Preservation and Development Committee and the reported fast by Acharya Vinoba Bhave from 21st April, ".

Then Prime Minister Morarji Desai later announced in Parliament that the government would initiate action for amending the Constitution with a view to conferring legislative competence on the Union Parliament for legislating on the subject of cow protection. Accordingly, a Constitution Amendment Bill seeking to bring the subject of prevention of cow slaughter on to the Concurrent List was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 18 May The Bill, however, lapsed on account of dissolution of the Sixth Lok Sabha.

Bhave reiterated his demand for a total ban on cow slaughter in July , while addressing the All India Goseva Sammelan. He also requested that cows should not be taken from one State to another. In , the question of amending the Constitution by introducing a Bill was again examined by the Government, but, in view of the sensitive nature of the issue and owing to political compulsions a "wait and watch" policy was adopted. A number of complaints were received from time to time that despite the ban on the slaughter of cow and its progeny, healthy bullocks were being slaughtered under one pretext or the other and calves were being maimed, so that they could be declared useless and ultimately slaughtered.

Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Jammu and Kashmir, in which she desired that the ban be enforced in letter and spirit, that the ban on cow slaughter is not allowed to be circumvented by devious methods, and that Committees to inspect cattle before they are admitted to slaughter houses be adopted.

The politics of the divine bovine

Recognizing that the problem basically arose on account of inaction or obstruction on the part of a few States and large scale smuggling of cows and calves from a prohibition State to a non-prohibition State like Kerala was taking place, a suggestion was made that this problem be brought to the notice of the Sarkaria Commission , which was making recommendations regarding Centre-State relations, but this idea was dropped as the Commission was then in the final stages of report-writing.

In the case of cows, the law makes a distinction between males and females. The slaughter of female cows and of heifers is totally forbidden. The law also prohibits the slaughter of calves, whether male or female. The age limit of "calf" is not defined. In the case of buffaloes, the law firstly forbits in absolute terms the slaughter of calves, whether male or female. Again, the age limit of "calf" is not defined and therefore there is much misuse, resulting in the slaughter of many young male animals who are only a few months old.

Secondly, the law forbids the slaughter of adult buffaloes unless a "fit-for-slaughter" certificate is issued by a veterinarian. For this reason, the slaughter of buffaloes, both male and female, is rampant in Andhra Pradesh. The crime is treated as a cognizable offence. No ban on cattle slaughter. The Assam Cattle Preservation Act, governs the slaughter of cattle in the state.

Slaughter of all cattle, including bulls, bullocks, cows, calves, male and female buffaloes and buffalo calves is prohibited. Slaughter of all is cattle is allowed on obtaining a "fit-for-slaughter" certificate, to be given if cattle is over 15 years of age or has become permanently incapacitated for work or breeding due to injury, deformity or any incurable disease.

The Bihar Preservation and Improvement of Animals Act, governs the slaughter of cattle in the state. Slaughter of cow and calf is totally prohibited. Slaughter of bulls or bullocks of over 25 years of age or permanently incapacitated for work or breeding due to injury, deformity or any incurable disease is permitted. The law also bans the export of cows, calves, bulls and bullocks from Bihar, for any purpose. The law defines a bull as "an uncastrated male of above 3 years", a bullock as "castrated male of above 3 years", a calf as "male or female below 3 years" and a cow as "female above 3 years".

Slaughter of cows, calves of cows, bulls, bullocks and buffalo calves is prohibited. However, bulls and bullocks are being slaughtered in the light of a Supreme Court judgement, provided the cattle is over 20 [] years or has become unfit for work or breeding. Transport or export of cattle for slaughter not permitted. Export for any purpose to another State where cow slaughter is not banned by law is not permitted.

The law places the burden of proof on the accused. There is a total ban on slaughter of cow includes cow, heifer or calf , except when the cow is suffering pain or contagious disease or for medical research. The law does not define the age of a "calf". There is also a total prohibition on the sale of beef or beef products in any form in the union territory.

The crime is treated as a cognizable and non-bailable offence. Slaughter of all agricultural cattle is totally prohibited.


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The law defines "agricultural cattle" as cows of all ages, calves of cows of all ages, and bulls and bullocks. The possession of the flesh of agricultural cattle slaughtered outside Delhi is also prohibited. Export for other purposes is permitted on declaration that cattle will not be slaughtered. However, export to a State where slaughter is not banned by law is not permitted. Under the Act, which also applies to Daman and Diu , there is a total ban on slaughter of cow includes cow, heifer or calf , except when the cow is suffering pain or contagious disease or for medical research.

This act though, has not been necessarily implemented. The Goa Animal Preservation Act, applies to bulls, bullocks, male calves and buffaloes of all ages. All the animals can be slaughtered on obtaining a "fit-for-slaughter" certificate which is not given if the animal is likely to become economical for draught, breeding or milk in the case of she-buffaloes purposes. The sale of beef obtained in contravention of the above provisions is prohibited. However, sale of beef imported from other States is legal. Slaughter of cows, calves of cows, bulls and bullocks is totally prohibited.

Slaughter of buffaloes is permitted on certain conditions. The Gujarat Animal Preservation Amendment Bill was passed unopposed in the Legislative Assembly , with support from the main opposition party, on 27 September The amendment, which came into effect in October , criminalized transporting the animal for the purpose of slaughter and included a provision to confiscate the vehicle used for carrying cow meat.

In , the Gujarat Assembly amended the bill further extending the punishment and fine. The punishment was increased to a minimum of 10 years and a maximum of 'life term of a 14 years', and the fine was enhanced to the range of Rs 1 lakh - Rs 5 lakh. The new law also made offences under the amended Act non-bailable.

Cow vigilante violence in India - Wikipedia

However, Haryana has stricter penalties for violating the law than the other 2 states, even prior to Act. Slaughter of cow includes bull, bullock, ox, heifer or calf , and its progeny, is "totally prohibited". The export of cattle for slaughter and the sale of beef are both prohibited. The law also excuses the killing of cows "by accident or in self defence".

Therefore, the law governing the slaughter of cattle in Himachal Pradesh is the same as that in Punjab and Haryana. However, Himachal and Punjab have lighter penalties for violating the law than Haryana. Slaughter of cow includes bull, bullock, ox, heifer or calf , and its progeny, is totally prohibited. Voluntary slaughter of any bovine animal such as ox, bull, cow or calf shall be punished with imprisonment of either description which may extend to 10 years and shall also be liable to fine.

The fine may extend to 5 times the price of the animals slaughtered as determined by the court. Slaughter of bulls or bullocks of over 15 years of age or permanently incapacitated for work or breeding due to injury, deformity or any incurable disease is permitted. The law also bans the export of cows, calves, bulls and bullocks from Jharkhand for any purpose. Slaughter of cow, calf of a cow male or female or calf of a she-buffalo totally prohibited. Slaughter of bulls, bullocks and adult buffaloes is permitted on obtaining a "fit-for-slaughter" certificate provided cattle is over 12 years of age or is permanently incapacitated for breeding, draught or milk due to injury, deformity or any other cause.

Transport for slaughter to a place outside the State not permitted. Sale, purchase or disposal of a cow or a calf, for slaughter, is not permitted. Kerala permits the slaughter of every type of cattle. Slaughtering of animals is formally regulated by the government in order to maintain public health and sanitation. Panchayat laws permit slaughter only in approved slaughter houses.

Kappa biriyani, Porotta with beef are some among the favorite food among Keralites. The Maharashtra Animal Preservation Act, governs the slaughter of cattle in the state. Slaughter of cows includes a heifer or male or female calf of a cow is totally prohibited. In Manipur , cattle slaughter is restricted under a proclamation by the Maharaja in the Durbar Resolution of The proclamation states, "According to Hindu religion the killing of cow is a sinful act.

It is also against Manipur Custom. I cannot allowed such things to be committed in my State. So if any one is seen killing a cow in the State he should be prosecuted. No restrictions on cattle slaughter; [] beef is consumed widely. No restrictions on cattle slaughter. Slaughter of cows includes heifer or calf is totally prohibited. Slaughter of bulls and bullocks is permitted, on obtaining a "fit-for-slaughter" certificate, provided that the cattle is over 14 years of age or has become permanently unfit for breeding or draught.

Slaughter of bulls and bullocks is permitted, on obtaining a "fit-for-slaughter" certificate, provided that the cattle is over age of 15 years or has become permanently unfit for breeding or draught. Therefore, the law governing the slaughter of cattle in Punjab has the same provisions as that in Himachal Pradesh. However, Punjab and Himachal have lighter penalties for violating the law than Haryana. Slaughter of cow includes bull, bullock, ox, heifer or calf , and its progeny, is totally illegal.

The export of cattle for slaughter and the sale of beef are both illegal. Slaughter of all bovine animals includes cow, calf, heifer, bull or bullocks is prohibited. The export of bovine animals for slaughter is prohibited.

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The law requires custody of seized animals to be given to any recognized voluntary animal welfare agency failing which to any Goshala , Gosadan or a suitable person who volunteers to maintain the animal. Government of Rajasthan has also introduced a Bill Bill No. All animals could be slaughtered on obtaining "fit-for-slaughter" certificate.

The law defined "animals" as bulls, bullocks, cows, calves; and buffaloes of all ages. The certificate was issued if an animal was over 10 years of age and was unfit for work and breeding or had become permanently incapacitated for work and breeding due to injury deformity or any incurable disease. Slaughter of cows includes heifer, or a calf, whether male or female of a cow is prohibited. There exists, at the moment, no ban on cattle slaughter.

Slaughter of cow includes a heifer and calf is totally prohibited. Transport of cow outside the State for slaughter is not permitted. The sale of beef is prohibited. The law defines "beef" as the flesh of cow and of such bull or bullock whose slaughter is prohibited under the Act, but does not include such flesh contained in sealed containers and imported into Uttar Pradesh.

The Act permitted the slaughter of bull or bullock on obtaining a "fit-for-slaughter" certificate provided it was over the age of 15 years or had become permanently unfit for breeding, draught and any agricultural operations. The law defines "beef" as the flesh of cow and of such bull or bullock whose slaughter is prohibited under the Act, but does not include such flesh contained in sealed containers and imported into Uttarakhand. There is no ban on the consumption of beef or slaughter if carried out in government or municipal slaughterhouses after a certificate from a veterinarian.

The Animal Slaughter Control Act exempts slaughter for religious purposes, however the Supreme Court has stated that such beef or slaughter are llegal in West Bengal. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For a discussion on religious views towards cattle, see Cattle in religion. Cattle in ancient India India is a strange country.

Cattle in medieval India Hindus, like early Christians and Manichaeans, forbade the killing and eating of meat [of cows]. European memoirs on cattle in India They would not kill an animal on any account, not even a fly, or a flea, or a louse, or anything in fact that has life; for they say these have all souls, and it would be sin to do so. See also: Cow protection movement. Main article: Cattle theft and illegal slaughterhouses in India. Further information: Cow vigilante violence in India since Related Indian topics: Jhatka vs Kutha meat , methods of slaughter Animal sacrifice in Hinduism Animal sacrifice among Nihang Sikhs Cattle smuggling in India Cattle theft in India Cow protection movement Cow vigilante violence in India since Cow belt Diet in Hinduism anti-cow slaughter agitation Kamadhenu , a divine bovine in Indian mythology Nandi , the bull mount of Shiva Related International topics: Dog meat Cat meat Horse slaughter Religious restrictions on the consumption of pork Whale meat Food and drink prohibitions.

Saddhatissa Animals and World Religions. Oxford University Press. University of Toronto Press. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. Elsevier BV. Dialectical Anthropology. Simoons Univ of Wisconsin Press. Sikhism: A Guide for the Perplexed. Bloomsbury Academic. The Assembly of Listeners: Jains in Society. Cambridge University Press. Vegetarianism and Animal Ethics in Contemporary Buddhism. Current Anthropology. University of Chicago Press. Warms Sacred Realms: Readings in the Anthropology of Religion. It is not only cattle that are protected by ahimsa, but other animals as well.

The Indian Express. Retrieved 24 August The Times Of India. Retrieved 19 November Retrieved 7 August John R. Robson ed. Live Mint. Hindustan Times. Retrieved 26 May

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